Established by UNESCO in 2001, World Science Day for Peace and Development is celebrated worldwide on 10 November each year. It offers an opportunity to demonstrate to the wider public why science is relevant to their daily lives and to engage them in debate on related issues.
By throwing bridges between science and society, the aim is to ensure that citizens are kept informed of developments in science, while underscoring the role scientists play in broadening our understanding of the remarkable, fragile planet we call home and in making our societies more sustainable. Recent themes have included ‘towards green societies’ (2011), science for the rapprochement of peoples and cultures (2010) and astronomy (2009).
Every year, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations, scientific research institutions, professional associations, universities, municipalities, the media, science teachers, schools and others are encouraged to organize their own celebration of World Science Day.
Since its inception, World Science Day has also generated concrete projects, programmes and funding for science around the world. Several ministries have announced an increase in spending on science, for instance, or the creation of a university or research body. The Day has also helped to foster cooperation between scientists living in regions marred by conflict, one example being the creation of the Israeli-Palestinian Science Organization (IPSO), with UNESCO support.
World Science Day was instigated as follow-up to the World Conference on Science, organized jointly by UNESCO and the International Council for Science in Budapest (Hungary) in 1999. The Day offers an opportunity to reaffirm each year our commitment to attaining the goals proclaimed in one of the twin documents adopted by the World Conference on Science: the Declaration on Science and the Use of Scientific Knowledge and to follow up the recommendations contained in the Conference’s Science Agenda: Framework for Action. The biennial World Science Forum is always held as close as possible to World Science Day.
World Science Day for Peace and Development 2015
This year’s theme is ‘Science for a Sustainable Future; celebrating the UNESCO Science report’
Day of the Dead (Spanish: Día de los Muertos) is a Mexican holiday celebrated throughout Mexico and around the world in other cultures. The holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember friends and family members who have died. It is particularly celebrated in Mexico, where it is a national holiday, and all banks are closed. The celebration takes place on November 1 and 2, in connection with the Catholic holidays of All Saints’ Day and All Souls’ Day. http://bit.ly/WlepDX
أعلن الدكتور ممدوح الدماطي، وزير الآثار، الانتهاء من مشروع تطوير منطقة كرانيس في الفيوم، مشيرا إلى أنه تم تمويل هذا المشروع من خلال المنحة المقدمة من السفارة الأمريكية للحفاظ على الثقافة، وهي مسابقة يتم تنفيذها كل عام على مستوى العالم لتمويل أحد المشروعات الكبرى.
جاء ذلك خلال الاحتفالية التي نظمتها وزارة الآثار مساء أمس بحضور ستيفين بيكروفت، السفير الأمريكي بالقاهرة، بمقر الوزارة.
وأكد الدماطي أهمية مشروع “تطوير منطقة كرانيس حيث سيجعل من تلك المنطقة متحفا مفتوحا وهو الأمر الذي يأتي في إطار خطة الوزارة لكسب مواقع أثرية جديدة، ما يساهم في تنشيط حركة السياحة الوافدة إلى مصر”.
ومن جانبه، أكد السفير الأمريكي بالقاهرة عمق علاقات التعاون المختلفة بين البلدين، مشيدا بالتعاون المميز في المجال الأثري وقيام وزارة الآثار بتذليل العقبات لإنجاز مراحل المشروع، لافتا إلى أنه سيتم التعاون هذا العام في مشروع تطوير منطقة أبيدوس الأثرية والمقرر البدء فيه خلال شهرين.
وتم خلال الاحتفالية عرض مجموعة من الصور تستعرض أعمال التطوير بالموقع ومراحل العمل المختلفة منذ بدايته وحتى الانتهاء منه، بالإضافة إلى عرض فيلم تسجيلي عن مدينة الفيوم بعنوان “نبذة عن المدينة المفقودة”.
وتقع مدينة كرانيس على طريق “الفيوم- القاهرة” الصحراوى على بعد 33 كم من الفيوم و 109 كم من القاهرة، ويرجع تاريخ المدينة إلى القرن الثالث ق.م وتضم بقايا معبدين كانا مكرسين لعبادة الإله سوبك (التمساح) إله المنطقة، كما تضم حماما رومانيا ومجموعة من المنازل، ويوجد في الجهة المقابلة مقابر المدينة.
The World Day for Audiovisual Heritage is a commemoration of the adoption, in 1980 by the 21st General Conference, of the Recommendation for the Safeguarding and Preservation of Moving Images. The World Day provides an occasion to raise general awareness of the need to take urgent measures and to acknowledge the importance of audiovisual documents. “Archives at risk: protecting the world’s identities” is the slogan of this year’s celebration of the World Day for Audiovisual Heritage (27 October).
In 1972, the United Nations General Assembly decided to institute a World Development Information Day coinciding with United Nations Day on October 24. The General Assembly had the object of drawing the attention of world public-opinion each year to development problems and the necessity of strengthening international co-operation to solve them.
The day was further recognized as the date on which the International Development Strategy for the Second Nations Development Decade was adopted in 1970. In recent years many events have interpreted the title of the day slightly differently. These have concentrated on the role that modern information-technologies, such as the Internet and mobile telephones free from digital divide can play in alerting people and finding solutions to problems of trade and development. One of the specific aims of World Development Information Day was to inform and motivate young people and this change may help to further this aim.
Patricia Bays Haroski registered “National Boss’ Day” with the U.S. Chamber of Commerce in 1958. She was working as a secretary for State Farm Insurance Company in Deerfield, Illinois, at the time and chose October 16, which was her father’s birthday. She was working for her father at the time. The purpose of designating a special day in the workplace is to show the appreciation for her bosses she thought they deserved. This was also a strategy to attempt to improve intra-office relationships between managers and their employees. Haroski believed that young employees sometimes did not understand the hard work and dedication that their supervisors put into their work and the challenges they faced.Four years later, in 1962, Illinois Governor Otto Kerner backed Haroski’s registration and officially proclaimed the day.
Hallmark Cards did not offer a Boss’s Day card for sale until 1979. It increased the size of its National Boss’s Day line by 28 percent in 2007.
National Boss’s Day has become an international celebration in recent years and now is observed in countries such as Australia, India, Ireland, and Egypt.Note that Egypt celebrates their equivalent holiday on 10 December every year.
Boss’s Day is a secular holiday celebrated on October 16 in the United States. It has traditionally been a day for employees to thank their boss for being kind and fair throughout the year.
World Food Day is celebrated every year around the world on 16 October in honor of the date of the founding of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations in 1945. The day is celebrated widely by many other organisations concerned with food security, including the World Food Programme and the International Fund for Agricultural Development.
On 10 October 2015, the 13th World Day Against the Death Penalty is raising awareness around the application of the death penalty for drug-related offences, to reduce its use.
The World Coalition Against the Death Penalty is an alliance of NGOs, bar associations, local bodies and unions whose aim is to strengthen the international dimension of the fight against the death penalty.
The World Coalition lobbies international organisations and States, organises international events and facilitates the creation and development of national and regional coalitions against the death penalty.
It was created in Rome on 13 May 2002 and has established 10 October as the date of the annual World Day Against the Death Penalty in 2003.
The World Coalition has 158 member organisations as of August 2014.
In the Coptic Orthodox Church, September 11 is the feast of Nayrouz or Neyrouz, when martyrs and confessors are commemorated. This day is also the start of the Coptic new year and its first month (Thout).
The Feast of Neyrouz marks the first day of the Coptic year. Ignorant of the Egyptian language for the most part, the Arabs confused the Egyptian new year’s celebrations, which the Egyptians called the feast of Ni-Yarouou (the feast the rivers), with the Persian feast of Nowruz.The misnomer remains today, and the celebrations of the Egyptian new year on the first day of the month of Thout are known as the Neyrouz. Its celebration falls on the 1st day of the month of Thout, the first month of the Egyptian year, which for AD 1901 to 2098 usually coincides with 11 September, except before a Gregorian leap year when it begins September 12. The chronology of the Coptic Orthodox Church begins when Diocletian became Roman emperor in 284 AD. His reign was marked by torture of Christians to force them to deny their faith, as well as by mass executions, especially in Egypt. It is believed this time was one of the worst times that the Coptic church faced, known to believers as “the martyrdom era”. Hence, the Coptic year is identified by the abbreviation A.M. (for Anno Martyrum or “Year of the Martyrs”). It should not be confused with the A.M. abbreviation used for the unrelated Jewish year, which is Anno Mundi (“year of the world”).
In the United States, Patriot Day, observed as the National Day of Service and Remembrance,occurs on September 11 of each year in memory of the 2,977 killed in the 2001 September 11 attacks.
In the immediate aftermath of the attacks, President George W. Bush, proclaimed Friday September 14, 2001, as a National Day of Prayer and Remembrance for the Victims of the Terrorist Attacks on September 11, 2001.
A bill to make September 11 a national day of mourning was introduced in the U.S. House on October 25, 2001, by Rep. Vito Fossella (R-NY) with 22 co-sponsors, among them eleven Democrats and eleven Republicans. The bill requested that the President designate September 11 of each year as Patriot Day. Joint Resolution 71 passed the House by a vote of 407–0, with 25 members not voting. The bill passed the Senate unanimously on November 30. President Bush signed the resolution into law on December 18 as Pub.L. 107–89. On September 4, 2002, Bush used the authority of the resolution to proclaim September 11, 2002, as the first Patriot Day.
In 1882, Matthew Maguire, a machinist, first proposed the holiday while serving as secretary of the CLU (Central Labor Union) of New York. Others argue that it was first proposed by Peter J. McGuire of the American Federation of Labor in May 1882,after witnessing the annual labour festival held in Toronto, Canada. Oregon was the first state to make it a holiday on February 21, 1887. By the time it became a federal holiday in 1894, thirty states officially celebrated Labor Day.
Following the deaths of a number of workers at the hands of the U.S. military and U.S. Marshals during the Pullman Strike, the United States Congress unanimously voted to approve rush legislation that made Labor Day a national holiday; President Grover Cleveland signed it into law a mere six days after the end of the strike. The September date originally chosen by the CLU of New York and observed by many of the nation’s trade unions for the previous several years was selected rather than the more widespreadInternational Workers’ Day because Cleveland was concerned that observance of the latter would be associated with the nascent socialist and anarchist movements that, though distinct from one another, had rallied to commemorate the Haymarket Affair in International Workers’ Day. All U.S. states, the District of Columbia, and the territories have made it a statutory holiday.
The form for the celebration of Labor Day was outlined in the first proposal of the holiday: A street parade to exhibit to the public “the strength and esprit de corps of the trade and labor organizations”, followed by a festival for the workers and their families. This became the pattern for Labor Day celebrations. Speeches by prominent men and women were introduced later, as more emphasis was placed upon the civil significance of the holiday. Still later, by a resolution of the American Federation of Labor convention of 1909, the Sunday preceding Labor Day was adopted as Labor Sunday and dedicated to the spiritual and educational aspects of the Labor movement.
The holiday often marks the end of the traditional summer season (although summer doesn’t officially end until September 21), as students normally return to school the following week, although school year starting days now vary.
The Assumption of the Virgin Mary into Heaven, informally known as the Assumption, according to the beliefs of the Catholic Church, Eastern Orthodoxy, Oriental Orthodoxy, and parts of Anglicanism, was the bodily taking up of the Virgin Mary into Heaven at the end of her earthly life.
The Catholic Church teaches as dogma that the Virgin Mary “having completed the course of her earthly life, was assumed body and soul into heavenly glory”. This doctrine was dogmatically defined by Pope Pius XII on November 1, 1950, in the Apostolic Constitution Munificentissimus Deus by exercising papal infallibility. While the Catholic Church and Eastern Orthodox Church believe in the Dormition of the Theotokos, which is the same as the Assumption,the alleged physical death of Mary has not been dogmatically defined. In the churches that observe it, the Assumption is a major feast day, commonly celebrated on August 15. In many countries the feast is also marked as a Holy Day of Obligation.
On World Hepatitis Day, 28 July 2015, WHO and partners will urge policy-makers, health workers and the public to act now to prevent infection and death from hepatitis.
Viral hepatitis – a group of infectious diseases known as hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E – affects hundreds of millions of people worldwide, causing acute and chronic liver disease and killing close to 1.5 million people every year, mostly from hepatitis B and C. These infections can be prevented, but most people don’t know how.
In May 2014, World Health Assembly delegates from 194 governments adopted a resolution to promote global action to prevent, diagnose, and treat viral hepatitis.
On World Hepatitis Day, events will take place around the world focussing on preventing hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
The date of 28 July was chosen for World Hepatitis Day in honour of the birthday of Nobel Laureate Professor Baruch Samuel Blumberg, discoverer of the hepatitis B virus and developer of the first hepatitis B vaccine.
Key messages of the World Hepatitis Day 2015
Prevent hepatitis – know the risks
Unsafe blood, unsafe injections, and sharing drug-injection equipment can all result in hepatitis infection.
Prevent hepatitis – demand safe injections
2 million people a year contract hepatitis from unsafe injections. Using sterile, single-use syringes can prevent these infections
Prevent hepatitis – vaccinate children
Approximately 780 000 persons die each year from hepatitis B infection. A safe and effective vaccine can protect from hepatitis B infection for life.
Prevent hepatitis – get tested, seek treatment
Effective medicines exist to treat hepatitis B and cure hepatitis C.
Pioneer Day is an official holiday celebrated on July 24 in the U.S. state of Utah, with some celebrations in regions of surrounding states originally settled by Mormon pioneers.
It commemorates the entry of Brigham Young and the first group of Mormon pioneers into the Salt Lake Valley on July 24, 1847, where the Latter-day Saints settled after being forced from Nauvoo, Illinois,and other locations in the eastern United States.Parades, fireworks, rodeos, and other festivities help commemorate the event. Similar to July 4, most governmental offices and many businesses are closed on Pioneer Day.
Are you a growth marketer? Do you want to know what it takes to be one? Join us at GrowthBeat, on August 17-18 in San Francisco. Thought-leaders from the biggest brands and most disruptive companies will share winning growth strategies on the most pressing challenges marketing leaders face today.
In an update to its Window’s Lifestyle Fact Sheet, Microsoft says it will offer support for Windows 10 for 10 years.
The post notes that it will offer “mainstream security” support until 2020 and “extended security” support until 2025. The support lifestyle cycle is in keeping with both Windows 7 and 8.1.
That means that consumers with Windows version 7 and 8.1 who upgrade within the first year of Windows 10 will continue to receive security updates and fixes for free until 2025. Microsoft promoted the free upgrade earlier this year, saying it would keep the registered device current for the duration of the Windows 10 support life cycle. Updates to Windows will be free — no subscription fees.
The reason that early adopters are getting such a sweet deal is because Microsoft is changing the way it reports revenue for its software. Earlier this year Microsoft announced Windows 10 as Windows-as-a-service. Rather than forcing customers to pay for updates and fixes at specific times throughout the year, Microsoft will push updates as they come and businesses will pay an annual subscription fee. This will allow Microsoft to issue fixes a lot more quickly when problems arise.
To issue those fixes, Microsoft needs to know there’s a problem and that’s where this free deal comes into play.
Past versions of Windows haven’t always gone over so well, forcing Microsoft to give updates away for free to keep people invested in the platform. So now, rather than having to back-peddle with free updates, it’s offering them upfront. The deal serves to keep diehard Windows users invested with a free upgraded operating system. In return, Microsoft gets feedback for upgrades it can push out fast. Ultimately, it’s a win-win for both parties.
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NMF Photo/Matthew Willman
Every year on 18 July — the day Nelson Mandela was born — the UN joins a call by the Nelson Mandela Foundation to devote 67 minutes of time to helping others, as a way to mark Nelson Mandela International Day.
For 67 years Nelson Mandela devoted his life to the service of humanity — as a human rights lawyer, a prisoner of conscience, an international peacemaker and the first democratically elected president of a free South Africa.
How the Day came about
In November 2009, the UN General Assembly declared 18 July “Nelson Mandela International Day” in recognition of the former South African President’s contribution to the culture of peace and freedom.
General Assembly resolution A/RES/64/13 recognizes Nelson Mandela’s values and his dedication to the service of humanity, in the fields of conflict resolution, race relations, the promotion and protection of human rights, reconciliation, gender equality and the rights of children and other vulnerable groups, as well as the upliftment of poor and underdeveloped communities. It acknowledges his contribution to the struggle for democracy internationally and the promotion of a culture of peace throughout the world.
New booking engine brings OTA software to individual hotel sites, so you can book directly with property
by Jessica Festa
A demo of RezTrip on the Stratosphere Hotel website
It’s no secret travel brands and online travel agents (OTAs) don’t get along — just look at the recent trend of airlines removing their fares from OTAs or penalizing fliers who book through third parties. Similarly, hotels offer more perks to travelers who book directly.
Despite the increased flexibility and service one gets booking directly with a brand, many road warriors enjoy the price comparison features of OTAs, as well as the lower prices. Earlier this week, however, Travel Tripper launches its booking engine, RezTrip Direct, which includes features OTAs use to drive bookings, but on individual hotel’s websites. It allows you to compare prices, but then book directly with a hotel, so you can get the best price without sacrificing the perks that come with booking directly.
Searching on the Stratosphere’s Hotel’s homepage I immediately notice the widgets incorporated by RezTrip, including a clickable TripAdvisor badge showing the hotel’s rating and the number of reviews for a more transparent booking experience, as well as a yellow box showing me that “202 people booked in the last 48 hours,” which lets those with inflexible dates know if they should think about booking soon.
There’s also a Best Rate Guarantee Badge, referencing the fact RezTrip Direct searches major OTA sites to see what they’re offering for the same hotel and same dates, automatically matching or reducing the fare to give the best price. When I search for nights, I see an outline of what different OTAs are offering — $34 across the board in this case — and what the final rate charged by the hotel would be based on this ($33.96 in this case). If you’re the type of traveler who books solely based on price, this is an attractive feature.
The archaeological site is today bounded by the reconstructed original Middle Kingdom enclosure wall built by Senwosret I and recent conservation work has provided two paths for visitors, which follow the two ancient processional routes to the rock-cut shrines at the eastern end of the site. These routes lead to the sanctuaries of Hathor and Ptah and are lined with many groups of commemorative stelae in various states of preservation. The ancient miners erected a great number of memorials carrying the dates of the missions, number and job of each worker and the names of their chief. For this reason, Serabit el-Khadim is often called the Temple of the People. The two main axes of temple converge in a courtyard before the speos porticos. Because the original plan of the temple was expanded and reconstructed by successive kings, it is not easy to visualise the layout when you are there, especially as the remains are very scattered and ruined and the inscriptions and decoration of the temple are in poor condition.Beginning at the northern part of the processional way the route consists mostly of the Middle Kingdom remains. Following this route, through the northern gate of Amenemhet II, recreating the original approach towards the speos, there are two ‘Chapels of the Kings’, built by Amenemhet III and Amenemhet II which contain remains of columns and decoration. A large stela stands in situ in front of the colonnade, surrounded by a stone pavement in which an offering table is embedded. The route then proceeds towards the Hathor speos before doubling back to the main entrance and into the second processional way through the main gate.At the north of the main entrance there is a massive foundation of stonework, with a similar foundation to the south, flanking the entrance which is reminiscent of the mounds of a pylon. This gate is dated to Senwosret I and Amenemhet II, and opens into large courtyard of Senwosret I at the beginning of the processional way. Remains of foundations of walls for ten small rooms can be seen following this route before reaching a pylon about half way along. The rooms contain a wide variety of stelae, statue fragments and inscriptions mostly from New Kingdom constructions in the temple, first from the Tuthmoside then the Ramesside periods. The pylon gate was built by Tuthmose III and nearby there are several stelae with inscriptions which give the years of his reign. There are also many references to Rameses II and other rulers as well as to their representatives, the mining expedition chiefs. The following areas are confusing because some of the inscriptions were originally Middle Kingdom but the rooms were re-used during the New Kingdom. Moving eastwards the processional way opens out into chapels for the royal cults, built by Amenemhet III and re-used by New Kingdom rulers. Petrie named the western chapel the Hathor Hanafiya and the eastern the Lesser Hanafiya and they contain New Kingdom reliefs interspersed with statue remains from the Middle Kingdom, including the lower part of a seated statue of Senwosret III and several fallen Hathor heads. There are also basins and tanks for offerings.The outer areas of the sanctuary are split into two separate approaches to the shrines of Hathor and Ptah. On the northern side of the Hathor courtyard is a ‘Temple of Millions of Years’ according to the SCA notice board, erected by Rameses IV. The decoration depicts reliefs of Rameses IV before Amun, superimposed on an earlier scene. This room leads into the portico court before the ‘Cave of Hathor’. There may have once been several stelae in this area which were moved away to build the portico as sockets in the floor of the portico suggest an ancient building stage – this was the first speos or rock-cut chamber in the temple. The Hathor speos was hewn out of the rock during the reigns of Amenemhet III and IV, whereas the portico was constructed later by Amenemhet IV. Extant scenes seem to depict offerings with texts listing the names of some of the expedition leaders. The speos or cave itself is in very poor condition and currently has metal girders to shore up the roof and walls. A very badly damaged pillar or rock-stela still stands erect and has remains of a text dated to Year 3 of Amenemhet III. An offering table stands in front of this.Much of the complex of the sanctuary of Ptah, to the south of the Cave of Hathor, was reconstructed during a later building phase, though it originally dates to Amenemhet III and IV. The approach contains remains of a pair of sphinxes of Tuthmose III as the Tuthmoside kings replaced the Ptah sanctuary with a new chapel dedicated to Hathor, Amun of Thebes and Soped. The interior of the Soped shrine has a niche in the rear wall, but nothing of the decoration completed by Rameses IV and VI can now been seen there. However there are some interesting statue fragments and stelae standing outside the shrine. Even when walking the ancient processional paths used by t
Source: Serabit el-Khadim
Wadi Hammamat is one of a great number of dry river beds that wind through the rugged mountains of Egypt’s Eastern Desert and the modern road that runs through it connects Qift (Greek Coptos) to the port of Qusieir on the Red Sea. The route was used for millennia as a trade route from the Coast to the Nile, but the area was also famed for its quarries and gold mines. Scores of ancient ruins line the route; remains of watchtowers, forts, wells and mines from various periods show much evidence of ancient quarrying and mining activity. The wadi is perhaps best known however, for its hundreds of hieroglyphic and hieratic rock inscriptions which record the activities of expeditions sent by many kings to obtain the precious resources of bekhen-stone which were used for small-scale building projects, sarcophagi, statues and vessels during the Pharaonic Period.
Source: Wadi Hammamat
يفتتح الدكتور ممدوح الدماطي وزير الآثار في العاشرة من صباح الأحد القادم 20/12/2015 مقبرة “مايا” مرضعة
الملك توت عنخ آمون بمنطقة البوباسطيون بسقارة، لأول مرة أمام حركة السياحة المحلية والعالمية منذ أن تم اكتشافهاعام 1996م.
وأوضح الدماطي أن افتتاح مقبرة مرضعة الفرعون الذهبي في هذا التوقيت والذي يأتي بالتزامن مع أعمال المسح والاستكشافات التي تتم داخل مقبرة الملك ذاته بوادي الملوك بالأقصر، ربما قد يساهم في الكشف عن مزيد من أسرار الملك الصغير من خلال دراسة مقبرة مرضعته “مايا” من جديد ومقارنتها بما ستسفر عنه نتائج العمل داخل مقبرة الملك توت.
كما أكد الدماطي حرص الوزارة الكامل على افتتاح مزارات أثرية جديدة، الأمر الذي يساهم في جذب السائحين ويعمل على تنشيط حركة السياحة خاصة في ظل ما تعانيه الوزارة من نقص في مواردها المالية في الفترة الحالية بسبب ركود حركة الزيارة على مختلف المزارات الأثرية .
من جانبه قال د. محمود عفيفي رئيس قطاع الآثار المصرية بالوزارة أن مقبرة “مايا” تعد واحدة من أجمل مقابر الدولة الحديثة، وهي مقبرة منقورة في الصخر عبارة عن ممر يؤدي إلى حجرة رئيسية بها أربع دعامات يظهر عليها نقش يمثل صاحبة المقبرة واسمها أمامها وعلى يسار الداخل لهذه الحجرة يوجد ممر هابط يؤدي إلى حجرات الدفن الخاصة بالمقبرة.
وأشار عفيفي إلى أنه قد أعيد استخدام هذه المقبرة في العصور المتأخرة والعصر اليوناني الروماني كجبانة للقطط كجزء من جبانة البوباسطيون حيث تم البناء وطمس النقوش والمناظر بالأحجار والمونة مما ساعد على حفظها حتى الآن.
Tomb of Amenemhet (BH2)The tomb of Amenemhet, who was called Ameni, dates to Dynasty XII and is a little more elaborate than the earlier tombs. We can be more precise than this, as the tomb-owner’s biographical text is dated to year 43, month 2 of the season of inundation, day 15 of the reign of Senwosret I. Amenemhet was the last holder of the hereditary title ‘Great Overlord of the Province of the Oryx’ at a time when the government of Egypt was once more becoming more centralised. The architecture of Amenemhet’s tomb differs from the earlier style by having a courtyard and a portico with two columns before the entrance to the tomb-chapel.
Source: Beni Hasan
Advent is a season observed in many Western Christian churches as a time of expectant waiting and preparation for the celebration of the Nativity of Jesus at Christmas. The term is an anglicized version of the Latin word adventus, meaning “coming”. Latin adventus is the translation of the Greek word parousia, commonly used to refer to the Second Coming of Christ. For Christians, the season of Advent anticipates the coming of Christ from two different perspectives. The season offers the opportunity to share in the ancient longing for the coming of the Messiah, and to be alert for his Second Coming.